Cognitive determinants of psychological stability of judges
The results of theoretical and methodological analysis of ideas about cognitive-stylistic determination in measuring the formation of personality traits, context-dependent and independent styles of adaptive decision-making, conative aspect of creativity, human adaptation systems and integration of its resources, avoiding mistakes in decision making. Methodological bases of understanding cognitive styles as characteristic self-consistent modes of functioning, as personality traits in measurements of time and space use and mediative function of various forms and types of activity are analyzed, based on dynamic and flexible conceptualization of the latter. The psychological principles of judges' activity are considered. The main provisions of the psychology of judicial activity and the peculiarities of the formation of the corps of judges in the system "man - society - law" are highlighted. The phenomenology of psychological stability of personality as an integral characteristic, factor of overcoming negative influence on personality in difficult situations of professional activity, reconstruction of cognitive-semantic field in conditions of neuropsychological stability, ensuring efficiency of cognitive activity in conditions of information influence and cognitive intensity. A four-factor model of cognitive-stylistic determination of psychological stability of judges is proposed. The first factor "Cognitive systematization" is represented by the strategy of extreme systematization, cognitive styles of field independence, the breadth of search equivalence, and tolerance to unrealistic (new) experience. The content of the factor includes the sovereignty of habits, the sovereignty of ties, intellectual ergic, excessive vigilance in decision-making, a positive professional identity. The second factor "Hardness" summarizes the indicators, the actual vitality, low occupational stress, intellectual plasticity, low learned helplessness, balanced empathy-systematization, restraining function of personality, risk acceptance at the stage of task implementation. The third factor "Personal reliability" contains the actual indicator of reliability, low cognitive error of hypernormativeness, flexibility of cognitive control, cognitive focusing style, professional mobility, the restraining function of the psychological boundary. The fourth factor "Value" summarizes the indicators of value sovereignty, empathy, psychomotor emotionality, plastic emotionality, vigilance in decision-making, cognitive error by type of moralization, pseudonym. Models of cognitive-stylistic determination of psychological stability of a person and his invariant (vitality, reliability), mediated by the status and experience of professional activity of judges, are built. It is noted that the proposed models of reliability and vitality of the individual as components of psychological stability can be targets of psychological influence and become the basis for developing programs of psychological selection, psychological support of professional activity of judges because of resource, cognitive, personality-centered, and activity-centric approaches.
Kuzmina, V., Hulbs, O., Ponomarenko, V., Turyansky, O., Kolokolov, S. (2020). Structure of personal components of the professional Self-concept of future lawyers [Структура особистісних компонентів професійної Я-концепції майбутніх правників]. Fundamental and Applied Researches in Practice of Leading Scientific Schools, 41(5), 21-26.