Some features of hardiness in patients with depressive disorders

  • O. Belov National Pirogov Memorial Medical University
Keywords: depressive disorders; hardiness; involvement; control; risk acceptance.

Abstract

The features of hardiness of 245 patients with depressive disorders were studied using the S. Maddi test. Low rates of hardiness and its components - involvement, control and risk acceptance, in patients with depressive disorders. There is a tendency to decrease the indicators of hardiness and its components with age: commitment of 24.2±7.0 points in the younger age group, 20.8±7.2 points in the middle age group, and 13.5±8.2 points in the older age group; control – respectively 22.3±4.9 points, 20.9±6.0 points and 16.0±7.2 points; challenge – 10.4±3.3 points, 9.3±3.7 points and 6.9±4.0 points, respectively; integrated indicator of hardiness – 56.9±13.0 points, 51.0±14.8 points and 36.4±18.2 points, respectively. In men, significantly lower than in women were indicators of commitment (18.6±8.2 points vs 21.7±8.3 points, p<0.05), control (18.6±6.9 points vs 21,6±5.7 points, p<0.01), challenge (8.5±3.9 points vs 9.7±3.7 points, p<0.05), and integrated hardiness index (45.7±17.4 points vs 52.9±15.8 points, p<0.01). Significant (p<0.01) inverse correlations of indicators of severity of psychopathological symptoms with indicators of commitment, control, challenge and hardiness: somatization (rS=-0.460, rS=-0.456, rS=-0.377 and rS=-0.500, respectively), obsessive-compulsive symptoms (rS=-0.422, rS=-0.429, rS=-0.337 and rS=-0.457, respectively), interpersonal sensitivity (rS=-0.466, rS=-0.466, rS=-0.376 and rS=-0.506, respectively), depression (rS=-0.694, rS=-0.690, rS=-0.516 and rS=-0.662, respectively), anxiety (rS=-0.463, rS=-0.465, rS=-0.375 and rS=-0.503, respectively), hostility (rS=-0.364, rS=-0.355, rS=-0.376 and rS=-0.328, respectively), phobic anxiety (rS=-0.447, rS=-0.449, rS=-0.360 and rS=-0.485, respectively), paranoid symptoms (rS=-0.436 , rS=-0.431, rS=-0.355 and rS=-0.469, respectively), psychoticism (rS=-0.250, rS=-0.227, rS=-0.176 and rS=-0.247, respectively).

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Published
2021-10-15
How to Cite
Belov, O. (2021). Some features of hardiness in patients with depressive disorders. American Journal of Fundamental, Applied & Experimental Research, 22(3), 64-68. Retrieved from http://ajfaer.org/index.php/ajfaer/article/view/104