Phenomenology of information stress: virtualization of social space, dysfunctional consequences
It is shown in the article that social networks open a new channel of human communication and self-expression as well as assist to increase vitality which helps to adapt to changes better. Moreover, social network users can increase their social capital, particularly through civic and political activity, social trust, mutual relations, and better wellbeing. Social networks also provide users benefit of psychological wellbeing, including raising of self-appraisal and general standards of life. It is proven that one of important consequences of the excessive use social networks is fatigue from such networks, which marks one’s subjective and self-appraisal feeling of fatigue from using social networks. It is argued that deployment of social networks creates mass expectations of that people are under an obligation to answer posts and comments of other people. Considering that fatigue is subjective and self-evaluated feeling and consequence of stress, it is important to examine social networks fatigue from perspective of psychological stress. In modern professional literature stress is examined as a transactional process between an individual and his/her environment. "Individual-environment" model marks that stress arises up because of disbalance between requirements of environment and individual’s abilities to cope with them. In other words, difference between requirements of environment and one’s coping abilities creates overload which is examined as direct pre-condition of stress. In social networks presence of many channels of the computer mediated communication with online-friends and readers creates considerable amounts of information. It is summarized that when users meet ambiguous posts and materials from other users of social network, they try to decrease this ambiguity through exchanging and forming of correct interpretations of the information in question. Consequently, high informational ambiguity can create disbalance between communicative requirements of social network as environment and possibilities of specific user which results in communicational overload.
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